Glossary of Car Accidents Law
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corporations, or associations, who have commenced a law suit or who are
Personal Auto Policy: The
most common auto insurance policy sold today. Often referred to as
"PAP," this policy provides coverage for liability, medical payments,
uninsured/under insured motorist coverage, and physical damage protection.
Personal Injury Protection:
Personal Injury Protection (PIP) usually includes benefits for medical expenses,
loss of income from work, essential services, accidental death, funeral
expenses, and survivor benefits.
Petition: Written application
to a court requesting a remedy available under law.
Petition for review: A
document filed in the state Supreme Court asking for a review of a decision made
by the Court of Appeals.
Perjury: Making intentionally
false statements under oath. Perjury is a criminal offense.
Physical Damage: Damage to
your covered vehicle from perils including (but not limited to) collision or
upset with another vehicle object, fire, vandalism and theft.
Plaintiff: The party who
begins an action; the party who complains or sues in an action and is named as
such in the court's records. Also called a petitioner.
Plea: A defendant's official
statement of "guilty" or "not guilty" to the charge(s) made
Pleadings: Formal, written
allegations by the parties of their respective claims.
Policy: The written documents
of a contract for insurance between the insurance company and the insured. Such
documents include forms, endorsements, riders and attachments.
Polling the jury: A practice
whereby the jurors are asked individually whether they agreed, and still agree,
with the verdict.
Precedent: Previously decided
case which is recognized as an authority for determining future cases.
Preponderance of evidence:
The general standard of proof in civil cases. The weight of evidence presented
by one side is more convincing to the trier of facts than the evidence presented
by the opposing side.
Presiding judge: Chief or
administrative judge of a court.
Proceeding: Any hearing or
court appearance related to the adjudication of a case.