Glossary of Motorcycle Injury
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FMVSS 218: This stands for the U.S. DOT's
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 218, a requirement for all motorcycle
helmets. It outlines the minimum standard requirements for all motorcycle
helmets. Manufacturers must submit their helmets for compliance testing.
Fairing: An enclosure on the front of the
bike containing the windshield and affording wind protection to the rider. Can
be attached to the frame and not move or be attached to the fork and move as the
handlebars are turned.
Final Judgement: The written ruling on a
lawsuit by the judge who presided at trial. This completes the case unless it is
appealed to a higher court. Also called a final decree or final decision.
Flickable: Used to describe the agility of
a motorcycle, or how quickly a rider can "flick" the bike from side to
side in turns.
Forks: The sprung metal tubes that connect
the front wheel to the motorcycle triple-tree.
Four Stroke Engine: This is the most
common engine design found in street motorcycles today. It refers to the number
of times a piston moves up and down through each power cycle. 1) A downward
stroke brings in the fuel/air mixture; 2) an upward stroke compresses the
fuel/air mixture; 3) a downward stroke results when that mixture is ignited and
expands, and finally; 4) an upward stroke expels the exhaust gases.
Fraud: Occurs when intentional false
statements are made to entice a victim to give up something of value.
Fuel Injection: A device that serves the
same function as a carburetor, but uses computer-controlled jets to inject
atomized fuel and air into the air stream going into the engine.