Glossary of Tort Law Terms
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Lawsuit: A legal action
started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the
defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
Lemon Laws: Laws that require
manufacturers to repair defective cars. If the repairs are not made within a
reasonable amount of time and number of attempts, the manufacturer is required
to refund the purchase price, less a reasonable amount for the use of the car.
Liability: Any legal
responsibility, duty or obligation.
Libel: Defamatory (false and
injurious) written statements or materials, including movies or photographs.
Lien: A claim against
someone's property. A lien is instituted in order to secure payment from the
property owner in the event that the property is sold. A mortgage is a common
Liquidated Damages: The
amount of money specified in a contract to be awarded in the event that the
agreement is violated.
Litigation: A case,
controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits
are called litigants.